Feline Vaccination-Adult Boosters:
- CORE Vaccines (MLV panleukopenia+herpesvirus+calicivirus): administer a single dose every 3 years following completion of the initial kitten series and the first booster.
- Recombinant (NON-adjuvanted) Rabies: administer a single dose annually in accordance with State or local law. Where laws are not in effect, administer a single dose annually.
- Killed (adjuvanted) Rabies: Rabies vaccine should be administered in accordance with State/local law; where laws are not in effect for cats, administer a single dose every 3 years.
- Non-CORE Vaccines: (FeLV) recommended annually ONLY if risk is sustained (ie, outdoor cats with reasonable risk of encounter with other cats). The recombinant FeLV vaccine (administered transdermally) is not adjuvanted; \all other FeLV vaccines contain adjuvant.
- Other non-core vaccines are seldom administered and should be considered only after assessing and defining a clear risk of exposure. All other non-core vaccines are recommended for annual administration as long as the risk of exposure persists.
While it is the choice of individual veterinarians whether or not to adopt any of the current vaccination recommendations, it is important to note that AAHA and AAFP do not make recommendations regarding Rabies Vaccination. State and/or Local laws provide specific guidance regarding initial and booster vaccination for rabies in dogs and cats. Where laws are not in effect, veterinarians are encouraged to recommend rabies vaccination in accordance with recommendations included in the tables above.
What NOT to do
Current national and international vaccination guidelines have cited some important recommendations regarding what to avoid when administering vaccines to dogs and cats. Five principle recommendations are highlighted below:
...miss the 14-16 week dose when administering CORE vaccines to puppies and kittens... veterinarians are encouraged to advise clientele that, during the course of "puppy"/"kitten" shots, the last dose in the initial series may be the most important. "Don't miss this dose"...as it may be the first opportunity to immunize without risk of interference from maternally derived antibody.
...administer any vaccine at an interval of less than 2 weeks. It is possible that innate immune responses (cytokines, etc.) could interfere with the second dose of a vaccine administered within a 10-day period following vaccination. This effect is not antibody-dependent and, therefore, applies to any vaccine.
...reduce the volume of any vaccine as a way to reduce the risk of an adverse reaction. Doing so may result in sub-optimal, or no, immunization.
...mix vaccines that are not specifically labeled for combination. Doing so may result in inactivation of one or more antigens. Likewise, it is not recommended to administer vaccines from different manufacturers into the same site at the same appointment.
...administer any vaccine licensed for intranasal (IN) administration by the subcutaneous (SQ) route. Doing so, especially with IN B. bronchiseptica vaccine, may cause abscess formation or, in some cases, death. Also, oral administration of a vaccine labeled for IN administration will result in inactivation of the antigen and failure to immunize.